SELPA Terms & Acronyms

- A -

ADA Allowances - Average Daily Attendance - a per pupil accounting of student attendance. The state of California pays districts based on total ADA for all students.

APE - Adapted Physical Education

Appropriate Placement - A school placement in which the Individualized Education Program (IEP) of a student can be implemented

Assessment - The gathering of information about the student to determine his or her eligibility for special education and service needs.It may include tests, observations, interviews and a review of school records or student work samples.

Assistive Technology - Any item, piece of equipment, product, or system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of students with disabilities.

AAU - Administrative Unit (same as RLA)

Autism (AUT) - A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before the age of three.

- B -

Behavior Intervention - Acceptable interventions include positive behavioral support strategies that do not cause pain or trauma, and that which respect the student's individual needs and dignity.

- C -

CAC - Community Advisory Committee - those persons appointed to advise the SELPA on various aspects of the Local Plan

CAHSEE - California High School Exit Exam

Case Carrier - The person designated by the IEP team to take the lead in monitoring a student's progress toward meeting IEP goals and objectives.The case carrier also ensures that legal time lines and mandates are met for each student on their case load.

CCBEDS - California Basic Educational Data System - a count required by the State of California each October of all school children and staff; provides a basis for determining the percentage of special education students to be funded.

CCS - California Children's Services - an agency that provides physical and occupational therapy for medically eligible students.

CD - Communicatively Disabled - includes pupils who are deaf, hard of hearing, aphasic, severely language impaired, or who have other speech and/or communication disorders.

CEC - California's Education Code

CBI - Community Based Instruction - Instruction in the skills needed to function in community settings. Instruction takes place both in the community and in the classroom.

CDE - California Department of Education

CEC - Council of Exceptional Children - a professional organization for parents, teachers, administrators, and others who deal with children with disabilities.

CELDT - California Assessment of English Language Development

CMA - California Modified Assessment

CST - California Standards Test

Complaint - one may be filed with the State Department of Education any time anyone feels that a law or rule is being violated; a state or local investigation will ensue.

- D -

DD - Developmental Disabilities

Deaf-Blind (DB) - Students with both hearing and vision disabilities.

Developmental Delay - An observed difference between a person's development and behavior and the typical development and behavior expected of people of the same age.

DHH - Deaf or Hard of Hearing (HOH)

DIS - Designated Instruction and Services - specialized educational support programs and services not normally provided in a regular classroom, special class, or resource specialist program (ie: speech services).

Due Process - The legal procedural safeguards of IDEA and related state laws and regulations assuring parental informed consent regarding special education programs offered; provides for mediation and state hearings to resolve major disagreements.

- E -

ED - Emotional Disturbance - Students who exhibit one or more characteristics of a severe emotional disturbance as specified by law and whose condition has existed for a long period of time and to a marked degree. The condition must also adversely affect the student's educational performance.

ELL - English Language Learners - Limited English proficient students acquiring English and speakers of non-mainstream language forms acquiring mainstream English.

ESL - English as a Second Language - A program of instruction for speakers of other languages to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in English.

ESY - Extended School Year - Special education services in excess of the regular academic year.

- F -

FAPE - Free Appropriate Public Education - Each public school system is responsible for ensuring that each child with disabilities is served appropriately, at no expense to the parent. Goals - Broad or general statements which describe what needs to be learned by the student.

- G -

- H -

HH - Hard of Hearing

- I -

ID - Intellectually Disabled

IDEA 97 - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 - This federal law revised many elements of special education.

IEA - Independent Educational Assessment - A parent has the right to obtain, at public expense, an independent educational assessment of the pupil from qualified specialists if the parent disagrees with an assessment obtained by the public education agency. The public agency may initiate a due process hearing to show that its assessment is appropriate.

IEP - Individualized Education Program - developed for each special education pupil, identifying the services to be provided and the educational goals and objectives of the special education needed.

IFSP - Individualized Family Service Plan for children who are served from birth to 2.11 years of age, and their families.Services are provided by education or Regional Center depending on the nature of the child's disability.

Individual with Exceptional Needs - Pupil whose educational needs cannot be met by a regular classroom even with modifications of the regular school program and who requires special education and/or services to benefit from his/her instructional program.Excluded are children whose needs are due solely or primarily to unfamiliarity with the English language or to cultural differences.

ITP - Individual Transition Plan - The ITP must be developed for students beginning at age 14 (or younger, if appropriate), and updated annually. It includes a statement of the transition service needs of the student, related to the IEP, that focuses on the student's course of study (such as participation in advanced placement courses or vocational programs). Beginning at age 16 (or younger, if appropriate), the ITP provides a statement of needed transition services for the child, including a statement of the interagency responsibilities or any needed linkages, as appropriate.

- J -

- K -

- L -

LCI - Licensed Children's Institution

LD - Learning Disabled - pupils with specific learning disorders affecting educational performance.

LEA - Local Education Agency - any local school district or Office of County Superintendent which has responsibility to provide special education services to eligible students.

LEP - Limited English Proficient Student - A student identified through a formal initial identification process as not having sufficient fluency in English to participate in a mainstream English classroom.

Local Plan - Each Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) develops a plan for delivery of programs and services to meet the educational needs of all eligible individuals with exceptional needs in that area.

Low Incidence Disability - A severe, disabling condition with an expected incidence rate of less than one percent of the total enrollment.The conditions are hearing impairments, vision impairments, severe orthopedic impairments, or combination thereof.

- M -

MR - Mental Retardation (no longer used.  Now referred to as ID)

MD - Multiple Disabilities

- N -

NPA - Nonpublic Agency - usually an individual or group certified by the State, to provide a specific special education service but who is not an employee of the public school system.

NPS - Nonpublic (nonsectarian) School which meets state standards to allow private placement of students for whom there is no appropriate public school placement available.

- O -

OH - Orthopedically Handicapped - Students with specific orthopedic or physical needs which adversely affect their educational participation or performance.

OHI - Other Health Impaired - a student with a chronic medical impairment, such as asthma which impairs the student's educational performance.

OI - Orthopedic Impairment

OT - Occupational Therapy - A designated instruction and service (related service), that provides assistance in improving or restoring functions lost or injured through illness, accident, or deprivation.

- P -

PH or PD - Physically Handicapped or Physically Disabled - Students with specific orthopedic needs which adversely affect their educational participation or performance.

Positive Behavior Support - Support that is specified in a behavior intervention plan that is developed by an IEP team to help a student with serious behavior problems change patterns of undesirable behaviors that interfere with learning.These supports are respectful of a student's dignity, and are successful in promoting a student's capabilities and opportunities.The support includes a reliance on data obtained from a functional analysis assessment.

Primary Language - The language spoken in the student's home.

PS - Program Specialist - a highly trained specialist who has advanced training and in-depth knowledge in special education services.

PT - Physical Therapy - A designated instruction and service (related service), including services to provide treatment for posture stability, movement, positioning, gait training, etc.

- Q -

- R -

Reevaluation - A comprehensive assessment conducted every three years, or sooner if a parent or teacher requests, for each student receiving special education services.

Referral for Assessment - Any request for assessment, made by a parent, teacher or other service provider.Referrals for assessment should be in writing to avoid delay.Where an oral referral for assessment is made, school staff must offer assistance to the individual making the referral to put it in writing.

Related Services - Specific services, also called designated instruction and services, which are required to assist a student with a disability to benefit from special education or general education.Includes transportation, speech-language pathology, audiological services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, social work services, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, and orientation and mobility services.

RLA - Responsible Local Agency - (see AU)

RSP - Resource Specialist Program - a highly trained special education teacher who has the responsibility to implement a program for identified students in conjunction with the regular class and curriculum.

- S -

School of Attendance - Refers to the school a student is attending which may or may not be in his or her area of residence.

School of Residence - Refers to the school a student attends or would attend because of the location of his or her residence in the school's attendance area.

SDC and SCC - Special Day Class and Special Class Center - instructional settings in which a student receives special instruction more than 50% of the day.

SELPA - Special Education Local Plan Area - one or more districts of sufficient size and scope to provide a comprehensive range of special education programs and services for students.

Severely Handicapped - Students requiring intensive instruction and training in programs serving students with disabilities such as autism, blindness, deafness, severe orthopedic impairments, serious emotional disturbances, severe developmental disabilities, and those who have multiple disabilities.

Short-Term Objective - Included on the student's IEP as a means of measuring progress toward a goal.It includes a series of intermediate steps or training activities that will take the student from his or her current level of functioning to the accomplishment of annual goals.

SLD - Specific Learning Disability - A specific learning disability is a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations. Eligibility for services requires that there is a severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and achievement in one or more of the following academic areas: oral or written expression, listening or reading comprehension, basic reading skills, mathematics calculations and reasoning.

SLI - Speech or Language Impairment

Special Education - The term special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a student with a disability.

SST - Student Study Team - A function of the regular education program to assess the strengths and needs of each student, determine appropriate curriculum adaptations and modifications to utilize prior to referral to special education.

Surrogate Parent - A person who is appointed by the District or SELPA to act as a child's parent in all matters related to special education.A surrogate is appointed when a child is a dependent or ward of the court, and the court has limited the rights of the parent/guardian to make educational decisions, or when a parent cannot be identified or located.

- T -

TBI - Traumatic Brain Injury - and acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical event resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment that adversely affects a student's educational performance.

Title 5 Regulations - The California Code of Regulations which amplify the Education Code Sections dealing with public education.

Transition - This term refers to the passage from one program, setting or environment to another.In special education, it may include, passage from an infant setting to a preschool setting, movement from preschool to kindergarten, passage from elementary to middle school programs, movement from a special day class setting to a general education setting, graduation from a high school program into a work environment or other significant changes for a student.

- U -

- V -

VH or VI - Visually Handicapped or Visually Impaired - A visual impairment which, even with correction, adversely affects a student's educational performance. The term includes both partial sightedness and blindness.

- W -

- X -

- Y -

- Z -

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